Cyber Attack Vector

What is cyber attack vector?

Access to a computer system or network via a cyber-attack vector. An attacker’s vector numbers manipulate or extract data from a network or computer system.

What is an attack vector?

An attack vector is a means of accessing a computer or network server by a hacker. To exploit human and system defects, hackers may use attack vectors. 
A common cyber-attack vector is deception. Except for deception, these all use software or hardware. Defying system defenses is deception. 
Spyware and firewalls software can be a help. But no safety method is foolproof. Hackers always look for new ways to access unauthorized networks and servers. 
The most common malicious modules are viruses, worms, and spyware. Vendors and service providers who have access to sensitive data are also attacked vectors.

How do hackers use attack vectors?

Hackers are well-versed in common security vectors. They first look for vulnerabilities to hack one of these security vectors. 
A software or operating system flaw (OS). A security flaw can be caused by a software bug or a security configuration flaw. They are breaking or stealing an employee’s security credentials. 
Hackers constantly scan systems, applications, and networks for flaws. It makes it possible to target physical locations or vulnerable users and internal staff willing to share IT access credentials.

Difference between an attack vector and an attack surface

Using an attack vector, cybersecurity attacks are launched. This could involve malware or a phishing attack to steal account information and unlicensed access to company data or resources. Digital networking is a different way of starting an attack. The attack surface is the general network area an attacker can use to start attack vectors, extract data, or access an organization’s systems. Because an attacker can exploit their vulnerabilities, like weak passwords or unpatched software, devices and personnel are part of an organization’s attack surface.

Attack vectors

Hackers are always looking for new attack methods. The top cyber attack vectors are:

Software vulnerabilities

An attacker may use malware to unauthorized access to an unsecured security vulnerability system, OS, computer, or application.

User snatched credentials.

Shared user IDs and passwords can be intentional or accidental. On the other hand, cyber attackers can access credentials by trying different combinations of user IDs and passwords until an authorized set is discovered. These credentials are used to hack a network, system, or application.

Weak Passwords and IDs

Attackers target users’ IDs and passwords, which are weak or easy to detect. But hackers can also steal credentials by monitoring public Wi-Fi networks for user logins. An infected website or email could, for example, install keylogging software on a user’s computer. 
The keylogging program records user keyboard activity, including credentials entry. Cyber-attackers can access unsolicited email links with fake links to bogus websites by convincing users to open them.

Malicious workers

Customers’ lists and intellectual property (IP) can be extracted by malicious or disgruntled employees using their security clearances, either requesting a ransom or selling it for unfair purposes to others.

Encryption issues

IT professionals can forget about encrypting sensitive information in the field on laptops and smartphones. Other encrypted methods have known defects or are used to encrypt data only by a limited number of keys.


When an attacker sends an email posing as a legitimate company, hopefully, they will get people to disclose personal data such as passwords or credit card numbers. Sophisticated spear phishing attacks seek to gain unauthorized access to sensitive company data by targeting a single recipient.

DDoS attacks

DDoS attacks bombard victims with spam emails, preventing them from using their systems or networks. These attacks distract an organization from other cyber threats.

Protect devices from cyber-attack vectors

Cyber hackers use various methods to gain access to corporate IT assets. ITs work involves identifying and implementing policies, tools, and techniques that best protect them from such attacks. Here is a list of effective protection methods:

  • Users should be trained.
  • Create and adhere to effective password policies
  • Install software that will monitor and report on security incidents.
  • IT resources should be audited and tested regularly for vulnerabilities.
  • Keep information technology security at the forefront of your mind.
  • Collaborate with the human resources department (HR).
  • Install all updates as soon as possible.
  • Thin clients should be used in organizations that have a bring your device (BYOD) policy.
  • When using portable devices, use strong data encryption.
  • Examine and configure all of your security settings.
  • Physical spaces should be kept safe.

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